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Sport, speed on the road and in the air, and the departure of a giant liner on her maiden voyage, are the open-air thrills captured by the microphone and transmitted to listeners in one afternoon of record outside broadcasts today.
From Shelsley Walsh comes a running commentary on the Annual Open Hill-Climb for Racing and Sports Cars, where the speed kings struggle to cover a 1,000 yard course wit.h a. one in eight gradient in something like forty-two seconds.
Wimbledon comes next, where international tennis stars are halfway through the All-England Lawn Tennis championship.
At 3 o'clock you will hear the ceremony of the, departure of the new White Star motor vessel, Georgic, on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York : a farewell speech from the Lord Mayor of Liverpool on the bridge of the liner, and music by the ship's orchestra as she slips down the Mersey.
The scene changes to Hendon for the next relay, where the Royal Air Force is holding its ever-popular annual pageant. Stunt flights, mock battles, and the glittering pageant will be vividly described against a background, of roaring engines.
5.15 The Children's Hour
Children are invited to listen to the close of the R.A.F. Display at Hendon, where Squadron-Leader Helmore is giving a Running Commentary
EILEEN POWER, Professor of Economic
History in the University of London
Today Professor Eileen Power is to talk about the wandering Mongols, or Tartars, and of the rise of Chingis Khan (1 162 to 1227). She will describe their irresistible advance on horseback. They conquer China as far as the Yangtze ; they conquer Central Asia, and hold the silk road ; they conquer Southern Russia, and invade Hungary; they conquer Persia and take Baghdad (1258). They conquer China south of the Yangtze, and put an end to the Sung Empire (1279).
Professor Power will discuss the rule of Kublai Khan (1260 to 1294) and the Mongol Emperors of China; the Mongol peace and the open roads between East and West ... And as a sequel to this talk, Schools are to hear next week a dramatic interlude by Rhoda Power dealing with Kublai Khan and with Marco Polo , the Venetian traveller, who met and wrote about him.
A Romantic Drama with Music
This new romantic drama with music is the most ambitious work to date of an author and composer well-known to listeners. It tells an exciting imaginary story against the realistic background of the Hungarian 'terror' of 1919. The action starts in Hungary, distracted within by revolutionary struggles and threatened from without by the advancing Czecho-Slovakian and Roumanian armies, and continues in a castle in the Transylvanian mountains, where a half-crazed nobleman holds feudal sway. The music brilliantly echoes the picturesque and dramatic contrast of the story, and in the hands of a strong cast, this should provide full-blooded entertainment.
Conductors, Sir FREDERIC COWEN and Sir DAN GODFREY
ALBERT VOORSANGER (violin) (By permission of the Folkestone Corporation)
The Pavilion, Bournemouth
The Concerto was composed in 1920, and is in conventional three-movement form. There is no ultra modernism about the conception or the working out through the orchestration, and the treatment generally shows a thorough grasp of the opportunities that have been afforded to present-day composers by the recent enormous developments in the technique of writing for modern ears.
The first movement is vigorous and healthy in character. After a short introduction, the solo enters with the first subject and continues, also giving us the second tune (and, indeed, most of the development, too) until a short cadenza heralds in the return. A like device also gives us the recapitulation of the second subject, which works to a climax and finishes the movement with a brilliant statement of the vigorous material.
The slow movement is just a beautiful tune by the solo, accompanied in a sympathetic fashion on the orchestra.
The Finale betrays the country of the Composer's birth. Starting somewhat originally with a cadenza (marked 'Burlescamente'), it soon rushes into a semi-humorous Irish affair, which just bubbles along merrily, except for a respite in the way of a Pastoral-like second subject, until the brilliant end is reached.
(Founded on Longfellow's Poem)
(Conducted by THE COMPOSER)
This is the second performance of Sir Frederic Cowen's latest orchestral work, The Magic Goblet, which is founded on Longfellow's poem called 'The Luck of Edenhall'. This was the name given to a crystal drinking glass, for on its preservation was supposed to hang the fate of the house and its inmates. According to the legend it was the gift in bygone times of the Fountain Sprite who wrote on it, 'If this glass doth fall, Farewell then, O Luck of Edenhall'. In the poem, which the composer has sought to depict in music, the young lord of Edenhall is holding drunken revelry in the banqueting hall with his retainers. In a fit of recklessness he proposes to try the truth of the Sprite's prophecy and calls for the magic goblet.
His faithful old servant, loth to disobey, takes slowly the glass from its cloth and in fear and trembling brings it to his master. A mystic purple light shines from it over all. Then says the young lord, ' 'Twas right a goblet the Fate should be of a joyous race like ours, so let us drink "Kling, Klang" to the Luck of Edenhall !' First it rings deep; then like the roar of a torrent, then dies away in mutterings. But still unconvinced, he smashes the goblet and, even as it breaks the foe rushes in, the place is set on fire and the guests are overcome and slain. On the morrow the old servant, alone and unharmed, seeks the body of his master who lies dead among the ruins, still holding in his hand the shattered remains of the fateful glass.
As famous symphonies go - and this is a very famous one - the New World Symphony is not so very old, and yet old enough to have established its right to the more or less fickle immortality which time bestows on works of art. By 1893, when it was composed, Brahms had finished writing symphonies, so nearly had Tschaikovsky, and as, with the exception of Elgar, it is difficult to point to anyone who has
THE B.B.C. ORCHESTRA
(Led by LAURANCE TURNER )
Conducted by Sir FREDERIC COWEN
Overture, The Butterflies' Ball
Orchestral Poem, A Fantasy of Life and Love
The Magic Goblet (The Luck of Edenhall)
Graceful Dance (Old English Dances, Rustic Dance, First Set)
SIR FREDERIC COWEN 'S latest orchestral work, 'The Magic Goblet', is founded on Longfellow's poem called 'The Luck of Edenhall'. This was the name given to a crystal drinking glass, for on its preservation was supposed to hang the fate of the house and its inmates. According to the legend, it as the gift in bygone times of the Fountain Sprite who wrote on it: 'If this glass doth fall, Farewell then, O Luck of Edenhall'. In the poem, which the composer has sought to depict in music, the young lord of Edenhall is holding drunken revelry in the banqueting hall with his retainers. In a fit of recklessness, he proposes to try the truth of the Sprite's prophecy, and calls for the magic goblet.
His faithful old servant, loth to disobey, takes slowly the glass from its cloth, and in fear and trembling, brings it to his master. A mystic purple-light shines from it over all. Then says the young lord... 'Twas right a goblet the Fate should be of a joyous race like ours, so let us drink "Kling, Klang" to the Luck of Edenhall!' First it rings deep; then the roar of a torrent; then dies away in mutterings. But still unconvinced, he smashes the goblet and, even as it breaks, the foe rushes in, the place is set on fire, and the guests are overcome and slain. On the morrow the old servant, alone and unharmed, seeks the body of his master, who lies dead among the ruins, still holding in his hand the shattered remains of the fateful glass.
'THE DAUGHTER OF THE REGIMENT ' by Donizetti
The Countess of*Berkenfeld GLADYS PARR
Maria (Vivandiere) GERTRUDE JOHNSON Tonio (A Young Tyrolese Peasant) ,
Sulpizio (Sergeant) ....... GEORGE BAKER
THE WIRELESS CHORUS
THE B.B.C. ORCHESTRA
Conducted by JOSEPH LEWIS
OUR grandfathers counted Donizetti as one of the great masters of melody, holding his operas in a very warm affection. The Daughter was produced in Parisin 1840, and before long, made its way to opera houses abroad: its blend of simple melody and light-hearted merriment, with a flavouring of sentiment, has always attracted singers as well as audiences, and such great artists as Jenny Lind , Sonlag, Patti, and Albani enjoyed playing the title r6le.
Donizetti was a soldier for some years, and in making the Italian libretto himself was on familiar ground. In the first act, which begins while a battle is in progress near the home of the Countess of Berkenfeld, Maria is brought there by Sulpizio, a sergeant in the regiment which claims her as its daughter : she had been found as a mere infant on a battlefield and brought up among the soldiers. There is a merry scene in which she goes through her drill, and sings, with Sulpizio, the famous Rataplan duet, playing the drum herself. The sergeant then prevails on her to tell him about a young man who saved her life on the verge of a dangerous precipice. Tonio, the young man himself, makes an unexpected appearance immediately afterwards ; the soldiers have captured him, and, but for Maria's intercession, would have shot him as a spy. He sets their suspicions at rest by enlisting in the regiment. He and Maria love one another, but no sooner have they confessed that, than the Countess claims the girl as her niece, and insists on carrying her off to her chateau. Tonio and the regiment take a sad farewell of her. In the second act, in the chateau, Maria is learning tho airs and graces proper to her station: but with the old sergeant at hand, for he has remained by her side, she must now and again break into the old song of the regiment. Tonio returns, now as an officer —commissioned for valour on the field-and at, the end the two young people are happily united.
'The Challenge of the Greek. The Discipline of a Classical Education' T. R. GLOVER , D.D., LL.D. (Public Orator in the University of Cambridge)
There has been only one broadcast this year in this notable series, namely, Professor Alexander's lecture on ' Philosophy and Beauty ' in January. The National Lecture tonight is to be given by Dr. T. R. Glover , one of the outstanding classical scholars of the age.
Besides holding many important academic appointments in different parts of the world, Dr. Glover has been Public Orator in the University of Cambridge since 1920. It thus falls to him to prepare and deliver speeches of eulogy in Latin on the occasion of the conferring of honorary degrees.
Dr. Glover was asked to talk about the classics this evening, and elected to discuss the great influence of the Greeks not only on their contemporaries, 1 ut on the generations that lived after them down to the present day.
Mr. C. D. RASMUSSEN: ' Soldiers and Bandits '
IN A couNrRY where a Warlord appears in a morning, wins a battle in an afternoon, and disappears before sunset with the pay he has promised his army, what are his soldiers to do but turn to the profession of bandit ? And, after all, it is hardly surprising, when a soldier is looked upon as a hired assassin and a bandit as an interesting adventurer ; for the China-man is almost weaned on Chinai
' Ngan's twelfth century classic, ' History of the Banks of a River,' a little romance extolling piracy running to seventy volumes.
Of the strange happenings in this . country of political disorder, anarchy, and graft, C. D. Rasmussen will have much to say this evening ; and he will stress the fact that whereas comic battles on the one hand and holding up to ransom on the other get all the limelight, the heroic endurance of the four hundred million Chinese who are neither soldiers nor bandits is forgotten.
Battles are won and lost, generals steal what they may and play for what power they can, soldiers march to war with paper umbrellas and blandly disobey any orders that happen to be given ; bandits, only doing what they did in the army, rob with violence...... but through flood, drought, pestilence, famine, war and earthquake China goes on. Rasmussen even believes that when political tranquillity cdmes to China the bandits will automatically disappear. Having spent years of his life in the interior, he rather pities them. And- who can help it in cases where outlawry is forced upon poor unpaid soldiers who have to pay for their crimes by being hacked to death ' by a thousand cuts' ?
J. A. SCOTT WATSON (Professor of Rural
Economy, University of Oxford)
Mr. F. A. Secrett is well known as an expert in the intensive cultivation of vegetable crops. His main holding is Holly Lodge Farm, Walton-on-Thames, but he farms other areas, including one in Cornwall. He believes that there is a possibility of an expanding market for home-grown fresh vegetables if growers will concentrate on the fine sorts, aim at the choicest quality, and market their goods in the most attractive way.
He was one of the pioneers in this country of Dutch and French gardening, and in his own business makes very large use of simple glass ' lights
He has also made himself independent of rain by installing a large-scale plant for overhead irrigation. Professor Scott Watson will bring him to the microphone tonight to give his views on markets and marketing, and Mr. Secrett will also explain some of his methods of cultivation.
Solo pianoforte, MARJORIE B. BATES
THE B B C MIDLAND ORCHESTRA
Leader, Alfred Cave
Conducted by H. FOSTER CLARK
Stanford's Fifth Symphony bears the sub-title, ' L'Allegro ed il Pensieroso ', and the movements are prefixed with quotations from Milton's two poems.
The first cries :
' Hence, loathed Melancholy,
Of Cerberus and blackest midnight born and goes on to invoke the Goddess of Mirth :—
Haste thee, Nymph, and bring with thee Jest, and youthful jollity.
Quips and cranks and wanton wiles,
Nods and becks and wreathed smiles,
Sport that wrinkled care derides,
And Laughter holding both his sides.'
The scherzo suggests
'.....how the hounds and horn
Cheeky rouse the slumbering morn '. while the slow movement is based on ' Il Pensieroso ' :
' But hail, thou goddess sage and holy.
Huil, divinest Melancholy !'
The finale opens with ' .... the far-off curfew sound
Over some wide-water'd shore, Swinging low with sullen roar ', and passes on (by the train of' gorgeous Tragedy ') to illustrate the famous lines:
' There let the pealing organ blow
To the full-voiced quire below In service high and anthem clear,
As may with sweetness, through mine ear, Dissolve me into ecstasies.
And bring all Heaven before mine eyes."
This evening this popular weekly item will be presented in the form of a discussion between a walker of many years ago and a walker of today - the latter a young member of the Youth Hostels Association.
The veteran will tell of the days when there were no coloured posters, no motor coaches, no tea shops, when the Lake District was like a new continent and charabancs did not roar over Dartmoor.
He rather doubts if the young man can ever have quite the thrill that he himself did, and clings to the idea, like all of us, that there were giants in the old days.
But the young man points out that a mist on Snowdon, and rolling Wilt-shire downs, and a camp fire flickering against pine trees, come just as fresh to the younger generation as they did to Victorians.
Perhaps the contrast after factory hooters and traffic lights and the pace of modern life is all the greater, and the finding of still undiscovered fieldpaths all the sweeter.
These two, however, have the same interests to draw them together. Listeners will hear how Victorian walkers dressed and may be surprised to learn that girls, too, walked in those days, and that in 1896 there was a Holiday Centre at Whitby for men and women. They will hear, too, about the Youth Hostels that are dotted all over Britain.... and it is interesting to note that today is the fifth anniversary of the English Youth Hostels Association, who will be holding a birthday meeting at one of the big halls in Birmingham while this discussion goes on.
' Summer in the Kitchen '-I
With summer upon us, and milk turning sour, and bluebottles getting under the butter-muslin, and the kitchen a torrid place, this is an appropriate series..... Weekly, during the next three months, Miss Monica Dixon is to give advice on such things as simple summer dishes, picnic meals, sandwiches, salads and dressings, summer drinks, soft cheeses, the use of tomatoes.
Monica Dixon is very well known to members of women's institutes in Dorset and has broadcast frequently ; she was part author of the BBC Shopping and Cooking pamphlet- During the past month she has been up in Durham holding practical classes for the wives of unemployed men.
This week she will be dealing with the making of various jams. A selection of her recipes will be found on page 16.
from Westminster Abbey
Order of Service
Hymn, All people that on earth do dwell (A. and M. 166; S.P. 443)
Prayers, Versicles and Responses
Hymn, I vow to thee, my country
(S.P. 319, tune by Hoist)
Lesson, St. Matthew v, 13-16
Hymn, He who would valiant be
Address by His Grace the Lord Archbishop of CANTERBURY
Hymn, City of God, how broad and far (S.P. 468)
Hymn, And did those feet in ancient time (S.P. 446)
The National Anthem (first verse)
Organist, Ernest Bullock
In place of the usual weekly service at this hour from St. Paul's a special Empire Service of Youth will be broadcast from Westminster Abbey, at which the Archbishop of Canterbury will give the address. To this will come the Youth of the Empire from near and far, including 300 students from Canada, representing some 260 schools. Contingents are also coming from British territory in every part of the two hemispheres, while members of the British communities in China, Japan, Czechoslovakia, Irak, Egypt, and the Azores will also be among the congregation. Several of the cathedrals, including Canterbury, York, and Winchester, are hoping to arrange similar services at the same hour, at which the Archbishop's address can be received from Westminster, while many other denominations are also holding similar services in their own cathedrals, churches, or chapels. The Rev. M. E. Aubrey , Moderator of the Federal Council of Evangelical Free Churches, is collaborating on behalf of the Free Churches.
Edited by A. W. Hanson
Once again the most popular Variety series ever given on the air is coming into the weekly programmes. There is something exciting about Eric Coates 's ' Knightsbridge ' ; the voice holding up the traffic leads one to expect-and the opinion of listeners seems invariably to be that they are not disappointed.
This is the fifth season of ' In
Town Tonight' and the 132nd edition. It will introduce certain innovations but will retain all its original flavour. It may perhaps be more topical ; will introduce more visitors to London from overseas. It may occasionally borrow a Regional microphone in order to overhear and pass on something worth while, but it will take an outside broadcast only if it seems to be an 'In Town Tonight ' item.
It has always been Willie Walker 's ambition to form a combination consisting entirely of virtuosos, and this has been amply realised in the case of his Octet. This light orchestra includes such famous names as Alfredo Campoli , Sydney Bright-brother of Geraldo-and Bill Shakespeare. All the arrangements for the Octet are by Michael Krein , ' the father of the Gypsy band '.
Walker himself started to learn the clarinet when a child of seven in Newcastle, and later studied under Robert Smith , then the most famous clarinet teacher on Tyneside. After holding a position as musical director in a Newcastle cinema, he took over a similar post at a famous Newcastle restaurant. Here the seeds of his versatility were sown, a versatility which was recognised when Debroy Somers , who was appearing at the Newcastle Palladium, heard Walker play and offered him a job with his combination. He spent four years with Somers and later joined Geraldo. He formed his own combination in 1936, since when it has been heard regularly on the air.
THE FOUR MUSKETEERS with MABEL PEARL at the Piano
CHARLES PENROSE and PARTNER
The Laughter Mongers MARIO DE PIETRO
Mandoline and Banjo Solos
Mrs. PULLPLEASURE in Violin Solos
RAITON and RAITON
THE MAGYAR ORCHESTRA
Conducted by WALFORD HYDEN
(Leaders, ENDRE BALOGH and BERNARD REILLIE )
Gay matter for a May Day evening! The Four
Musketeers, assisted by Mabel Pearl , have not been long in this country, but they will enchant lovers of syncopated harmony by their gay, brisk style. Laughter holding both its sides is inevitable when Charles Peurose and Partner take the air; their records sell in millions and make even Zulus laugh. For relief there are the languishing strains on mandoline and banjo of Mario de Pietro , who smiles all the time he plays. Rough stuff comes from the versatile Mrs. Pullpleasure directing a ' ladies orchestra.' Listeners will welcome, too, charming Phyllis Monkman in her first solo appearance in radio variety; she has for support her old Co-optimist comrade, Davy Burnaby , who has cantered rapidly into the very front rank of radio comperes.
Led by LAURANCE TURNER
Conducted by MALCOLM SARGENT
Iolanthe was the seventh of the Savoy series of operas in order of production, and followed immediately upon thsuccessful run of Patience, of which over 400 performances had been given
Indeed, all the Gilbert and Sullivan operas had phenomenally long runs, Iolanthe, for example, holding the Savoy stage for more than a year. Sullivan by this time was already a very popular public figure. He had been for three years Director of the newly-founded Royal College of Music, he had recently succeeded Costa as conductor of Leeds Festival, and within a few months front the beginning of the Iolanthe run he was to be knighted.
Suite, La Boutique Fantasque (The
Fantastic Toyshop) :
Rossini and Respighi
One of the foremost present-day Italian composers, Respighi was first made known to us in this country, by the music for this ballet. The tunes are taken from some of the light pieces, chiefly written for pianoforte, which Rossini composed in his last years, after he had practically retired from the operatic world, and Respighi had arranged them to make a delightfully fresh and dainty ballet.
Irish Tune from County Derry
Percy Grainger was born at Brighton, near Melbourne in Australia, just over fifty years ago. He gave pianoforte recitals as a boy and accumulated enough money to travel to Germany and study there. His British colleagues in Germany included Balfour Gardiner , Norman O'Neill , Cyril Scott , and Roger Quilter. In 1900 he came to London and became known to the British public as a pianist of great brilliance.
Suite, Casse Noisette (Nut-Cracker)
I. Miniature Overture; 2. Characteristic Dances; (1) March; (2) Dance of the Sugar-plum Fairy; (3) Russian Dance, Trepak; (4) Arabian Dance; (5) Chinese Dance; (6) Reed-pipe Dance ; 3. Waltz of the Flowers
Tchaikovsky's 'Caste Noisette' (Nutcracker) Suite contains some of the daintiest ballet music ever written. The whole work is, of course, much longer than the Suite, which contains only some of the best numbers, and lasts for a considerable time when presented on the stage.
The story of the ballet is taken from
E. T. A. Hoffmann's fantastic fairy-tale ' Nutcracker and Mouse-King ' -this Hoffmann being the Hoffmann of Offenbach's opera-and is of a type that seems very much to appeal to Russian artists and audiences.
The complete ballet was first produced in St. Petersburg in 1892, and the Suite was introduced to EnglanJ by Sir Henry Wood at a Promenade Concert in 1896. From its first performance it has been one of the most popular pieces of music in the repertory.
Fete Polonaise (Polish Festival)
GEORGE ACKROYD (flute)
THE STRATTON STRING
George Stratton (violin); Carl Taylor (violin); Watson Forbes (viola);
John Moore (violoncello)
An attractive example of Sir Donald Tovey 's style as a composer is the Variations on a Theme by Gluck. The theme is a ballet from Gluck's Armide and is stated as it stands in Gluck's score with its pizzicato accompaniment, its viola and 'cello in octaves without double bass, and its occasional holding notes.
The six variations are faithful to the form and phrasing of the theme, but are independent of the surface melody, for which they substitute many different ideas, some of the variations or sections being double, that is to say, representing each repeat, by a. different kind of variation. The whole work being in G minor, the fifth variation is a slow cantabile in G major, with ornamentations which become the subject of a fluttering fugue for muted strings in the sixth and last variation.
A Running Commentary on the International Rugby Union Football
Match by Captain H. B. T. WAKELAM
Relayed from Twickenham
The match described this afternoon may not prove to be an exhibition ot
Rugby football at its most scientific, but it will probably be an extremely
exciting and hard-fought game. There are at least two reasons. One is that the losing side will suffer the ignominy of holding the ' wooden spoon ' ; the other reason is that this International-the last of the season-is played every year for the Calcutta Cup, a trophy that England holds at present because of her victory last year. The Cup was presented to the Rugby Football Union by the Calcutta Football Club in 1878, and has been keenly contested ever since.
'The Southern States'
G. B. BARBOUR , Ph.D.
Today Dr. Barbour is to give listeners a picture of Dixieland-a land of hot sunshine, and of tobacco and cotton plantations, of Negroes and their families working on them. Eight or nine children living in a one-room cabin, ' a jolly place, full of chuckles and laughter, with Mammie stumping up and down the floor waving her dish rag and singing in her deep bass voice: " Martha and Mary just gone along," or " Deep River " '.
White folk in the big house, who own the plantation. But the old house is falling to bits, for times are bad.
Colour is to be given to Dr. Barbour's talk by the playing of records of an actual Negro Service, with hymns and spirituals. Listeners will be able to picture the scene. Very hot and crowded, the church not much more than a whitewashed room. Negroes of all kinds and all ages. Old men with dark, wrinkled faces and startling white hair- pretty, chocolate coloured girls with' pink bows in their hair ; women holding in their arms tiny piccaninnies ; little boys eating pears; some men in overalls who have no Sunday suit..... They sway and stamp to the singing, and clap their hands. There is spontaneity here, and gusto, and friendliness, and humour, and underneath it all a deep sincerity which no one can mistake.