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World-wide exchange of Christian scenes and Christmas greetings to mark the first Christmas of Peace
Part 1. Christmas in Britain and with British Forces Overseas. Village Christmas in Sussex: Liberation Christmas in Singapore; Christmas in a Services hospital; with the Desert veterans; on a minesweeper: with the Rhine Army
Part 2. Christmas in Transit. S.S. 'Queen Elizabeth' in mid-Atlantic; a British air-liner homeward bound
Part 3. Christmas in the British Commonwealth Overseas. New Zealand; Australia; Canada: South Africa
Part 4. Christmas in Liberated Europe. From Prague (Czechoslovakia). Oslo (Norway), and Caen (France)
Part 5. Christmas at Home. A reunited family in Britain; an exile returns to the Channel Islands
Introducing the worldwide programme of Christmas scenes and greetings which will precede His Majesty the King's broadcast on Christmas afternoon at 3.0
For six long years the Christmas afternoon programme from London has carried a yearly progress report to the people of Britain and to the people of the Commonwealth and Empire. In 1940 we transmitted a picture of 'Christmas Under Fire,' with the Coventry Carol sounding the final note in a paean of hope and defiance from a Britain bombarded, keeping the Christmas feast in ruined homes and underground shelters.
In 1943 the tide had turned, and in 'We are Advancing' the first strong chords of triumph rang out from London. Last Christmas we painted the picture of 'The Journey Home.' Our advancing armies were on the fringes of Germany. France, Belgium, and half Holland were free again. But the barrier of the Rhine remained, and the wooded slopes of the Ardennes had not uncovered their menace.
The twelve months that have passed have seen changes more rapid and more deep-rooted than any in our memories. The immortal leap across the Rhine; the grave happiness of VE-day, lit by the darting flambeaux of our cities and the glow of the village fires over the whole countryside; the stunned triumph of VJ-day; the General Election; and the last grim spectacle of the criminals of war on trial before the Court of Nations.
At the end of such a year the ordinary man and woman take refuge in the hard-won security of their own surroundings, in their own circle, in their own country, in their own home. So, for the first Christmas of peace, our microphone will follow the men and women of the Commonwealth and Empire and the United Kingdom as they move away from their battle-stations, back again to their homes. We call them, on this Christmas Day, wherever they may be.
Our first picture 'Christmas in Peace' comes from Sussex. Here among the lovely beaches and oaks of Kipling's wooded hills the villagers are preparing a boisterous welcome for the boys from overseas; men whose eyes have been starved of green fields for five years are back from the deserts and the oceans. The whole village, including the 'Thirsty Eight' who make up the village band, will be tuned to the greatest welcome to their returning heroes in living memory. There will be changes - Pook's Hill is still being burned out by the bomb-disposal experts to get rid of the five hundred butterfly bombs that fluttered down in 1941 - but they will find the face of the English countryside as it always has been, and as they hoped to find it. That is the Christmas picture that the transmitters will send to the wounded holding their Christmas party in a hospital, to the men waiting their turn, spending Christmas in Austria with the C.M.F., in Cairo with the M.E.F., in Singapore and Burma with S.E.A.C., in Germany with the Army of the Rhine, and in British waters aboard one of His Majesty's minesweepers. That is the picture we send to twelve thousand Canadians homeward bound on Queen Elizabeth, who send their farewell greeting to us from mid-Atlantic in company with the liner captain's Christmas message to all men of the Merchant Navy, and to the pilot of the B.O.A.C. airliner who echoes the greetings to all airmen From the pictures of Christmas at home and with the Forces overseas, we turn to the Dominions. From New Zealand, twelve thousand miles away, an officer of a Maori battalion answers. From Australia, a young airman back on his father's farm From South Africa, a picture of Christmas Day on a citrus farm. From Canada, a glimpse of a young wife spending her first Christmas in her new Canadian home. The men of the Dominions are home again, back in their rich, young lands.
The men of Europe are home again, too. But this is a different picture. The six years of war have left the homes of Europe in ruins and the families broken and scattered. From Eastern Europe, from Prague, comes a poignant reminder of Europe's tragedy; a young Czech airman, home again with his English wife, is giving a Christmas party to the children who have survived the horrible massacre of Lidice. From Norway, speaking for Scandinavia, comes a flash of the joyous reunion of underground fighters of the Home Army and men of the paratroop units who raided the islands and fjords of their native land. And from France another unforgettable link of the war years is honoured in a Christmas Day broadcast from the battered Norman town of Caen. Once again we hear the words 'Over to Normandy,' but the report that comes back will tell, not of war and the slaughter of Tilly, Villers Bocage and Falaise, but of the grim battle of peace fought by the people of France.
So, home again, to a family in Britain. Reunited after the years of bitterness and trial, they will speak on their first Christmas of peace for all families who are gathered together again. And last of all, we shall go to that part of the Empire family from which we have been cut off all these years, the Channel Islands. It is from the citadel of Castle Cornet, sentinel of St. Peter Port, Guernsey, that we shall introduce the last speaker: a Channel Islander from Jersey, back from a concentration camp, who will see before him all the lovely little islands of the Norman Archipelago, and whose honour it will be to send the loyal greetings of the whole Empire and Commonwealth to His Majesty the King.
holds a jazz party with music chosen by instrumentalists on the session
Introduced by Robin Richmond
Produced by Johnnie Stewart
Tonight: Excerpts from
' Faust ' by Gounod
Margaret Ritchie (soprano)
Heddle Nash (tenor)
Frederick Sharp (baritone)
Owen Brannigan (bass-baritone)
BBC Theatre Chorus
(Chorus-Master, John Clements )
BBC Theatre Orchestra
(Leader, Alfred Barker )
Conducted by Clifton Helliwell
Introduced by Stephen Williams
Introduced by Olive Shapley
' Adventures in the Caribbean
Sea,' by Doreen Goodwin Grason
' Helping Children to Succeed.' ' Forming Will-power ' : today Professor F. J. Schonell describes how adults can help children to achieve a balance between the needs of their own developing personalities and the restrictions of the world around them. (BBC recording)
' Talking and Playing': Jean Stewart talks about her viola and plays you a tune
' American radio isn't all commercials ': Judith Waller , of the National Broadcasting Company, talks about her work as Director of N.B.C.'s Public Affairs and Education Department. (BBC recording)
A recent visitor to London from the U.S.A. was Miss Judith Waller , one of the few women to hold a high and responsible post on the staff of any of the large broadcasting companies in America. Miss Waller spent only a few days in London on her way back to Chicago from a school broadcasting conference on the Continent, but she spared time to record an interview for Woman's Hour about educational broadcasting in the United States and her own sphere of action in the National Broadcasting Company. Judith Waller is a well-known figure in American radio but insists that she prefers to be behind the scenes instead of behind a mike.
(Continued in next column)
'Why shouldn't boys help, too?' by Beryl Corbett
Serial: Wives and Daughters ' by Mrs. Gaskell . Abridged by Evelyn Howland. Read by Ysanne Churchman
A programme for children under five
Nursery rhymes, stories, and music
' Pansy,' which will be broadcast tomorrow, is a story from Jamaica, sent by Julia Goodey. In Jamaica they do things differently from us. For instance, they carry their shopping on their heads-and without holding on! Even young children can do it, and the story of ' Pansy ' tells how one little girl learned the art. We think the under-fives will enjoy the idea. Referring to the children's names in her story, Julia Goodey wrote ' These peculiar names are ordinary here,' but she suggested others for us to use if we felt them too unusual. So we chose some of these, for we did not expect to find many Raphaels, Luthers, and Icildas among our listeners. This is a matter of some importance when broadcasting to the under-fives, as many mothers will agree who have seen the delighted astonishment of a child, when his name comes unexpectedly through the loudspeaker. 'This is a story about me I 'and the satisfaction goes very deep, for a small child's world centres around himself. The . names we have substituted are Edward,- Louise, and Rupert, and we are sure some of those will be listening.
Elizabeth A. Taylor
Yorkshire v. Lancashire
Glamorgan v. West Indies
Commentaries during the second day's play by E. W. Swanton from Bramall Lane, Sheffield, and by John Arlott from Arms Park, Cardiff
A programme for children under five
' Piease Mr. Announcer ,' wrote a four-year-old boy one day, ' you to: got to tell us [he name of the music last Friday.1 ' My daughter,' writes a mother, * always asks what the introductory music is called,' ' He specially likes,' says another mother, ' hearing the name of the introductory music.' Names are important to children -to have named something is to have bestowed upon it an identity and to have given a child a sure hold upun it. But a piece of music, heard simpiy as music without reference to associations suggested by its title, speaks a different message to each individual hearer, and we want to give our music its chance to make this unbiassed impact on our small listeners. For that reason we cling to our practice of not announcing the titie of our opening music until the last day of the week. About this week's music, therefore, we will say no more than that it has already proved most popular with our under-fives, and we are sure many of them will quickly recognise it. Its name, if they still need it, they can hear on Friday.
Elisabeth A. Taylor
A programme for children under five
Nursery rhymes, stories, and music
' May we,' writes a mother, 'have more stories, please. about the " Boy with the Useful Bag." My four-year-old girl has a brown " useful bag " holding an astonishing variety of " useful " things — any mislaid article turns up in it.' The boy in question, as some of our listeners may remember, was Charles, in the stories by Rutih Ainsworth , and his bag seems to have caught the imagination of his young admirers and emulators, including one who unfortunately got the wrong idea and could hardly be prevented from collecting bits of paper and oddments from out of the streets. Charles has a friend called Jenny and they behave together as small children always will. Indeed, much of the very strong attraction of these stories lies in their way of going right to the heart of the interests and attitudes of our under-hves, who are epitomised in Charles himself. This week our listeners will renew their acquaintance with him when Daphne Oxenford tells again the tales of ' Charles and the String Plait,' 'Charles and Jenny,' ' Charles on a Windy Day,' ' Charles' Long Morning,' and ' Charles at the Party.'
Elizabeth A. Taylor
Arnold Bennett 's novel adapted as a serial play in six parts by Evelyn Russell
3Â—' The Corner Stone
Produced by William Hughes
The year is 1910, and Alderman Rdward Henry Machin of Bursley is in London where he meets the famous Amencan actor, Seven Sachs, together with his friends, Rose Euclid and Carlo Trent.
Denry Machin, as he is known in the Five Towns, buys the option to purchase a site adjoining Piccadilly Circus where he proposes to build a theatre to be called The Regent He finds, however, that plans are well advanced to build a New Thought Church. Messrs. Slosson and Wrissell, the solicitors who are concerned with the free-hold of the land on behalf of Lady Woldo, try to stop Denry Machin from taking up his option but her ladyship, an ex-actress, gives him every help to make The Regent become a reality.
Mrs. Dale, the doctor's wife, records the daily happenings in the life of her family
Script by Jonquil Antony
Last week when Mrs. Dale and her mother re-turned from Christmas shopping, they found that Grandfather Dale had arrived from Scotland. He was set on the idea of having his great-grandson's photograph taken, holding the family rattle. This greatly worried Gwen because she could not find it. As the photographer arrived, Mrs. Freeman discovered she had gathered up the rattle in the loose covers she was making for Gwen as a Christmas present. Malcolm Reeves telephoned to Bob to see if he would like two theatre tickets. When Bob called at Reeves' flat he told Bob he could help him make a little money, and suggested he called to see him at his office on his next afternoon off. Trudi told Bob she was gong home to Switzerland for Christmas, which seemed to upset him. Miss Pink had lunch with Maud French and agreed to return to her on her own conditions.
(To be repeated tomorrow at 11 0 a.m.)
Can the Younger Generation
Take the Lead?
Sheffield under-twenties have earned a reputation for running themselves. In St. Vincent's Youth Centre the rank-and-filers put Francis Cammaerts (headmaster and ex-Resistance leader), David Beynon (boys club leader), and Shirley Duncan (an under-twenty on the Sheffield club's
Members' Council) to the test; and afterwards stand up to cross-examination by the leaders
Wynford Vaughan Thomae holds the balance
I Lost My Hair: Doreen Gooch recalls this difficult time and how she faced it
Town Backyard and Cottage Garden: Margaret Spencer-Smith and Evelyn Gibbs talk about their gardening plans for the next month
To smack, or not to smack? Barbara Woodhouse is a teacher; but the classes she holds are for dogs. Here she explains how she deals with a difficult animal
As They See Us: a gardener, a travelling librarian, and a hairdresser give their views on women.
Behind the Headlines: a weekly feature to fill In the background to some recent news events
Serial: 'The Franchise Affair' by Josephine Tey
Abridged by Honor Wyatt
Read by James McKechnie
Programme introduced by Marjorie Anderson
From the West Country
Going to Work: Endd Williams describes her daily ride across the Quamtocks on horseback
An English Countrywoman in Normandy: Anne Ontzen talks about her life in a small French town
Marrying a Farmer: as Mary Lamgdon says there's never a dull moment'
Cornish Flower Farm: James Thorburn interviews Marjorie Clarry on her holding at Newlyn overlooking Mount's Bay
The Garden: how Dawn Mooney gave up a job in the Civil Service to tend a famous garden in Scotland
Short Notice: Doris Elliott describes her last minute preparations for an important visit to London
0 Rugged Land of Gold ' by Martha Martin
Abridged by Honor Wyatt
Read by Peggy Hassard
Programme introduced by Margaret Court
with Glyn Jones featuring
Bob Winnette and the Song Pedlars
George Myddleton and Jimmy Blades
The joint Bexhill and District Old People's Clubs are holding a general get-together in the De La Warr Pavilion at Bexhill The members' ages range from 60 to 101. and ' Saturday Sing-Song' is delighted to be with them on this occasion
in which its commentators suggest a few New Year resolutions with examples from:
Lancaster: where members of the Red Rose Boys' Club hold weekly archery contests
Sundown: where nineteen-year-old Betty McCulloch is working her way towards a commercial pilot's licence
Chelmsford: where under-twenties are building their own club premises Scafell Pike : where at over 3,000 feet, a group of young climbers from Whitehaven district celebrated New Year's day with a campfire sing-song Doncaster: where an amateur film group are busy on their new production ' The Secret Trilby '
Musical comment from
Marie Abel and her Friends