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The new BBC Programme Explorer has 14 playable programmes that match your search for "@title "Under the Sun"".

BBC Two England

Under the Sun: Olongapo Rose

The first of a ten-part series on people and cultures at the cutting edge of a rapidly changing world.
"They're bar-girls. It's true that they make their livings on their backs. But one of the reasons is that they'd like to marry an American serviceman and escape the poverty of this country. Kind of like Suzi Wong joining the PTA, you know."
(US Navy Pilot)
Olongapo City in the Philippines is like a two-way street. At one end is Subic
Bay, the largest US navy base in the Pacific, and at the other a line of massage parlours, bars, discos, pool-halls and short-time hotels. Fifteen thousand young and pretty Filipinas work the strip, catering for the 'rest and recreation' needs of the US Fleet.
Dave is a US pilot. For him, Subic Bay means 'living the good life in the tropics'.
Rose is one of the bar-girls who dreams of marrying an American sailor. The dream comes true for over 1,000 Filipinas every year, but for many the way they earn their living has disastrous consequences.
CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Four Days in Summer 'The Palio is life itself distilled into four days.' 'The Palio is a love - a passion. But unlike other human passions which can be exhausted, the Palio is only exhausted by death.' The Palio of Siena, in Tuscany, is the most dangerous horse race in the world. The competition, which has been held for nearly 1,000 years, is restricted to 17 contradas or districts of Siena. To the Sienese the contrada is everything. Each one is a closed community which has the passionate loyalty of all its members who are united by ancient rivalries with the other districts.
These rivalries come to a head during the four days of the Palio. The race is the culmination of the Sienese year. Winning is everything, and each district spends hundreds of millions of lira in pursuit of victory. This film goes behind the scenes to show the lives of two enemy districts as they try to make their dream come true.
Photography IAN STONE
Film editor RAY FRAWLEY
Producer JONATHAN DARBY Series editor CHRIS CURLING
* TRAVEL: page 101
0 CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

People and cultures at the cutting edge of a rapidly changing world.
Spirits of Defiance
The Mangbetu people live at the edge of the Zaire rainforest, in the very centre of Africa. Once feared by explorers as cannibals, the Mangbetu today reveal their most private beliefs and ceremonies.
Now, missionaries struggle to exorcise the 'devils' of Mangbetu life: their oracle, hidden in the forest; their hallucinogenic rituals and their faith in magic and sorcery.
The Mangbetu describe their attitudes to the outside forces that may change their lives and to the missionaries, whom they, in their turn, see as 'clandestine sorcerers who stopped us eating each other so that they might eat us - with their eyes if not with their teeth'.
Adviser DIDIER DEMOLIN
Photography CHRIS O'DELL
Film editor STEVE STEVENSON Producer JEREMY MARRE
Series editor CHRIS CURLING
* CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Masks of Arcadia
Fifteen years ago, director Geoff Dunlop visited the village of Kurokawa in northern Japan. At that time, Gonjiro was the 16-year-old grandson of one of the leading members of the community, a prosperous rice farmer and master of the Noh mask drama, which has been sustained in the village for five centuries. Today, the family is almost ruined financially and Gonjiro is in danger of spending all his time alternating between rice farming and working on the railways in Tokyo.
'I try not to think,' says
Gonjiro. 'I hear that too much thinking shortens your life. But there are things we have to face. I can't face all my problems at once, so one-by-one I stamp them out, one-by-one'.
In this film, Geoff Dunlop returns to Kurokawa to discover that the lives of Gonjiro and his family have been up-ended by the whirlwind of change which is blowing through all of Japan. Photography DAVID FEIG Film editor TARIQ ANWAR Written and directed by GEOFFDUNLOP
Series editor CHRIS CURLING
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Dust and Ashes
The pilgrimage to Kumbh
Mela is the largest gathering of people in the world. In February of this year, 15 million people came to the holiest place in India - where two great rivers meet.
Holy men, mystics and living saints gathered in one huge crowd to take a holy bath. People came on elephants, camels, trains and bullock carts for an extraordinary act of faith that will not take place again for another 12 years.
Dust and Ashes discovers how and why it happened through the eyes of three people: one of Hinduism's five pontiffs, a rupee billionaire pilgrim and the man who organised this mega-event.
By the end, 38,000 people were reported missing and 252 never found their way home.
Narrator Roger Mills Photography NARESH BEDI Film editor CHRIS WADE Directors
MICHAEL YORKE and NARESH BEDI Series editor CHRIS CURLING
* CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Voice of the Whip
For centuries, semi-nomadic Arabs, principally from the Kababish tribal group, have been bringing camels along the '40-day road' from central Sudan to the camel markets of Egypt.
Voice of the Whip follows one group as they make the arduous 800-mile trip across great stretches of desert, from grasslands and rivers to empty sand flats; from evading thieves and battling sandstorms to stopping for supplies and the joyous arrival at the Nile.
During the journey a conflict emerges between an apprentice trail boss and his mentor. The headstrong
Yousif leaves his companions and endangers his animals by pushing ahead in an attempt to complete the trail first. Photography NED JOHNSTON Film editor DAVID HOPE Directors
NED JOHNSTON and LOU WERNER Series editor CHRIS CURLING
0 CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

The Shaman and His Apprentice
In a world where there are no hospitals or doctors, the medicine man or shaman cures the sick using purely supernatural powers. Jose is a master shaman of the Yaminahua tribe in the Peruvian Amazon.
His young apprentice Curaka only came into contact with the outside world five years ago, when his group of Yaminahua were decimated by a flu epidemic. 'Just a few of us survived. So now, when Jose has prepared me, I want to learn how to cure.'
But does Curaka have the strength and determination? Anthropolgist GRAHAM TOWNSLEY Photography ANDY JILLINGS Film editor DAI VAUGHAN Director HOWARD REID
Series editor CHRIS CURLING
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Celso and Cora
An intimate and moving portrait of a young Filipino couple trying to survive in the slums of Manila. Celso and Cora are sharply aware of the injustices they have to suffer but there is no self pity as they describe the problems they have to face bringing up two young children on what little they make selling cigarettes outside hotels and discos.
Film-maker Gary Kildea comes to know them as friends as they give him a glimpse of a side of Manila tourists rarely see. In conditions of extreme poverty, Celso and Cora somehow manage to get through with dignity and humour.
Film-maker GARY KILDEA
Series editor CHRIS CURLING
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

One Generation More
Estonia is in the forefront of Soviet nationalist movements awakened by glasnost. As part of this new era the Estonian Jewish community has been undergoing a renaissance of its cultural activities. But the uncertainties facing Estonia have created a tragic irony. As Estonian Jews celebrate their new freedom they remain fearful and many contemplate emigration.
The film focuses on a four-generation family which is among the leaders of the Jewish community. It portrays the quiet courage of Gidon and Esther, the central characters, as they go about their daily lives and try to act as if the new freedoms in the Soviet Union are here to stay. Director and photography JOAN CHURCHILL
Film editor MARY BAUER
Researcher JONATHAN STACK Producer VIKRAM JAYANTI Series editor chris CURLING BBCElstree
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Adios General
A portrait of La Victoria , a Chilean shanty town.
After the coup it was our menfolk who were assassinated, arrested and 'disappeared'. We women had to take over and find ways of solving our problems of unemployment and hunger.
ELY OREGANO,
President of La Victoria
Neighbourhood Committee.
Sixteen years ago, General Pinochet's violent military coup ended a long tradition of democracy in Chile. For the Santiago shanty town of La
Victoria this has meant years of brutal repression. In the struggle for survival it is the women who have had to take the lead in organising the community. This film focuses on Hortensia Zavala , whose husband was shot during a demonstration in 1983. She has had to struggle to survive and look after her small son, who is psychologically scarred by his father's assassination. Last year, in the first poll for 15 years, the people voted against
Pinochet. Even as they prepare to say goodbye to the general who has brought torture, repression and death to their homes, they remain apprehensive about their future. As commander-in-chief of the army, Pinochet will remain the power behind the throne.
Photography GASTON ROJO Film editor SIMON ROSE Director JUDY JACKSON
Series editor CHRIS CURLING BBC Elstree
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

First in a trilogy of films about the Brazilian Amazon.
The Mehinaku, one of several
Indian groups living in the Xingu National Park, have evolved elaborate rituals to help them keep the peace. Wrestling matches and mock arrow duels help release tensions, while shared feasting ensures contented neighbours.
How long can this idyllic way of life survive?
Producer John-Paul Davidson Series editor Chris Curling BBC South and East
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Second in a trilogy of films about the Brazilian Amazon. 'Land without men for men without land' declared the Brazilian government in the 1970s, tempting its poor to a new future in 'empty Amazonia'.
Millions responded, only to find there were no roads, no farms, no seed - only malaria and angry Indians. Then gold nuggets were found and the rush began. The boom died but immigrants like Aquilino da Silva still pick over the diggings in desperation and hope.
Producer Philippa Walker Series editor Chris Curling BBC South and East
49 CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Last in a trilogy of films about the Brazilian Amazon.
There's every likelihood that in the next few years the Indians will be destroyed and then we'll be left with no tribal life on this planet. If we as civilised human beings allow that to happen we should be ashamed. It's a disgrace. Sting Rock star Sting and his partner Trudie Styler visit the Kayapo and Yanomami Indians to discover what we in the west can do to help the Indians' plight.
Producer John-Paul Davidson Series editor Chris Curling
BBC South and East - Elstree
0 FEATURE: page 4
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

The Women Who Smile. 'A woman becomes a woman because she smiles,' is a saying of the Hamar people who live in the remote southwest of Ethiopia, far from famine and war.
Their women are proud, humorous and outspoken. Birinda, a young widow, Duka, an unmarried girl and Hilanda, a senior co-wife, although living a very different lifestyle from our own, share many of our concerns - teenage pregnancy, marriage, problems with men and growing old.
Producer Joanna Head
Series editor Chris Curling 0 CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Enemies. Is it possible for Israelis and Palestinians to live in peace? Two Moroccan Israelis and two
Palestinians have much in common; born as Arabic speakers in the Arab world, their histories and cultures overlap. But for now they are engaged in a bitter and dangerous conflict which is by no means a simple struggle for supremacy between Arabs and Jews. Producer Geoff Dunlop
Series editor Chris Curling
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

The Left-Handed Man of Madagascar. The left-handed man is the proud but impoverished leader of a family of Hira Gasy performers - players at second burials and ancestral spirit ceremonies. In their ancient bus they travel the exotic landscape of Madagascar performing the famadihana, a joyous occasion where the dead are removed from their tombs, feted and reclothed. Producer Jeremy Marre
Series editor Chris Curling
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BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Matchmaker, Matchmaker. By the end of the century over half of the villages in rural Japan could be ghost towns. They all suffer from the same problem - an acute shortage of young women.
Japanese girls just don't want to marry Japanese farmers any more. The lonely bachelor farmers are contracting international matchmakers like Sakae Shimada to help them find a bride. The programme follows two farmers from Japan and their marriage to two women from the Philippines. Producer David Jones
Series editor Chris Curling 0 CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Taking the Heat. Every year the work force of India's oldest steel plant beseeches their god of 'getting things done' to bless the ageing hydraulic press. So far it's been so good - but not for factory foreman MrSinha. Enduring 110 degrees of furnace heat he labours to support a family which prefers that he returns to the land and a meaningful life.
Director Michael Yorke
Series editor Chris Curling 0 CEEFAX SUBTITLES
BBC Two England

Under the Sun: Threat

Winner of seven international film awards.

Lars-Jon and Lillemor are Lapp reindeer herders. For thousands of years their people have lived in harmony with the natural world. On 26 April 1986, radioactive rain fell on northern Sweden from Chernobyl. A single man-made catastrophe has threatened the Lapps' livelihood, but as levels of fall-out continue to rise, Lars-Jon and Lillemor are determined to maintain their way of life.

(Ceefax subtitles)
BBC Two England

Under the Sun

Last in the series.
Dust and Ashes. The pilgrimage to Kumbh Mela every 12 years is the largest gathering of people in the world. In February 1989, 15 million people came to the holiest place in India where two great rivers meet. By the end, 38,000 people were reported missing and 252 never found their way home. A Hindu pontiff, a rupee billionaire pilgrim and a man who organised the great event talk about the experience of the decade when holy men, mystics and living saints gather to take a holy bath. I Producer Michael Yorke
Series editor Chris Curling (R) 0 CEEFAX SUBTITLES






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