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STUDIES' is apt to have a rather stem and forbidding sound, and, of course, many of the thousands of pieces for pianoforte and other instruments which have that name, are intended merely to help the student to overcome one or other of the difficulties of his instrument. But there are many others which have besides, a really musical or poetic idea welded into their fabric. Chopin's and Liszt's are no doubt the best known, as they are, in their own way, among the best.
They never lose sight of the particular obstacle which they are meant to help the aspirant to surmount, so that each one is evolved from a single motive which determines its character. But, so successfully does Chopin contrive to invest his studies with a real musical interest that the listener need hardly be concerned with the instructional side of them.
RECOGNIZED on all hands as the foremost representative of French music of today, Ravel made his name first as a brilliant composer for the pianoforte. This piece, dating from 1901, when he was twenty-six, was the first in which he showed how brilliantly he could make use of the resources of the instrument.
DEBUSSY'S gift of presenting a picture in music is nowhere more happily used than in ' Gardens in the Rain,' one of the best known of his pianoforte pieces. The soft, misty background, the gentle, steady rain on the garden, and, towards the dnd, the rising wind and distant rumblings of thunder, are all vividly set before the listener's fancy.
' MINSTRELS,' the last piece in Debussy's first , book of twelve ' Preludes,' is a fascinating example of .humour in music-a really witty burlesque of Negro Minstrels of the rather vulgar order.
Liszt and Paganini were regarded at one time as twin magicians, each on his own instrument, so wonderful were the effects of brilliant execution which they achieved. Liszt's interest in the so-called diabolical performances of the violinist induced him to transcribe a number of Paganini's Studies, revising them more than once, to give them finally to the world in 1852, with a dedication to another great pianist, Madame Schumann.
Depending for their effect largely on brilliant execution, they are none the less invested by Liszt with something of his own poetic outlook on music.

Thoughts On Universal Peace
A Sermon preached by the Rev. THOMAS CHALMERS , D.D., in the Tron Church, Glasgow, on a Day of National Thanksgiving in 1816 CONDITIONS in England during the first quarter of the nineteenth century can be compared with those prevailing at the present time. The country had fought and won a European War. The signing of peace was followed by a period of intellectual ferment and industrial depression. It was amid such conditions that Thomas Chalmers began to exercise his genius.
Chalmers is a typically nineteenth-century figure. Although he is famous chiefly for his eloquence, and for his position in the history of the Scottish Church, he displayed an oncyclopaedic range of activities, embracing science, mathematics, philosophy, and social reform. These interests were unified by religion. He was one of the leaders of the religious revival, which in one form-evangelical-or another-high church-continued throughout the century.
The sermon on Universal Peace was one of the earliest that Chalmers preached at Glasgow. It is distinguished for that eloquence which depends upon the intense conviction of a powerful mind rather than upon literary ability. Its style is an example of the weakening effect of nineteenth century humanitarianism upon a prose conditioned by eighteenth-century rationalism. But peace was as necessary to Europe then as it is today; and it is remarkable to hear Chalmers proposing a plan for ensuring it, which was carried into effect a century later by the creation of the League of Nations.

(No. 6) BACH
(Bide with us)
Relayed from the Guildhall School of Music
DORIS OWENS (Contralto)
(Violoncello Piccolo)
( Violoncello)
Continuo EUGENE CRUFT (Bass)
(Oboes and Strings)
The most impressive part of this
Cantata is the opening chorus; it is always regarded as among the most noble and p tie of all the great Bach's conceptions. It sets the words of the disciples, ' Abide with us,' with a wonderful sense of their affection, blended with their pleading. And in both the German and the English versions. an impressive effect is made by the way in which the accent falls first on the word ' bide,' next on • with ' and the third time on 'us.' Then where the text tells of evening drawing nigh, the voices sink down as though oppressed by the coming of night, and the music of the accompani ment suggests an anxious trembling. There is a middle section where the time changes to four-in-the-bar, and the cry is still more insistent, and at the end the opening mood of pleading returns. The final close is in major, with a wonderful effect of gladness as though the watchers suddenly knew that their prayer was heard
The second number is a very beautiful alto aria with an obbligato for oboe da caccia, usually replaced now by the English Horn, and then there follows a Chorale for the treble voices with a full and expressive orchestral accompaniment. It has an obbligato for the old violoncello piccolo, now usually replaced either by the cello, or shared between the 'cello and viola.
' .The tenor aria, number five, lying very high and difficult to sing, is instinct with tenderness. It is finely accompanied by the strings and continuo alone. In the final Chorale, dignified and simple. all the instruments, two oboes, oboe da caccia, strings and continuo, reinforce the voices.
I.—Chorus :
Bide with us, for eve is drawing onward. and the day is now declining.
II—Aria (Alto): .-
Thou, whose praises nerer end,
Son of God, vouchsafe to hear us : While before Thy throne we bend. Let Thy favour still be near us. Grant, 0 grant us needful light. Thro' the coming hours of night.
III.— Chorale (Treble):
0 bide with us. Thou Saviour dear, Forsake us not when eve is near.
Thy sacred word. clear guiding lisht, 0 grant it ne'er be quenched in night. In this our last and weakest hour.
Inspire us. Lord, with steadfast powr. That undeflTd Thy faith we keep, Until in death secure we sleep.
IV.—Recitatire (Bass) :
Behold, around us, on ev'ry Bide b darkness still increasing. And if we ask whence comes this darkness, hence It comes. 'Tis that, from the least to the greatest, scarce one in righteousness before his Cod ts walking, and in the works the Saviour loves abounding; And thus instead of light there is but darkness.
V.—Aria (Tenor) !
Lord, to us Thysell be showing
That no more we in ways of sin be going. May the light of Thy word on men be shining
All to trust in Thee inclining.
VI—Chorale :
Lord, Jesus Christ, Thy pow'r display; Thou, Lord, whom other lords obey,
Thy servants with Thy grace defend, That so their thanks may never end.
The text is reprinted by courtesy of Messrs.
NoveUo and Co., Ltd.
The Cantata for Sunday, July 7, is : —
No. 9.
' Es ist das Heil uns kommen her.'
(' Behold Salvation is at hand.')

From the Studio
Hymn, ' Lead us, 0 Father, in the paths of Peace' (New Church Hymnary of the Presbyterian Church, No. 566)
Bible Reading, Ecclesiastes III 1-15 Hymn, Who would true valour see' (New Church Hymnary of the Presbyterian Church, No 576)
Address by Dr. HENRY T. HODGKIN ,
M.A., M.B. Hymn, 'These Things shall be'
(New Church Hymnary of the Presbyterian Church No. 639)
DR. HENRY T. HODGKIN , a leading figure in the Society of Friends, was the first Quaker to give a Sunday evening address from 2LO, when he led the Studio Service on December 18, 1925. His life has been devoted to work for international co-operation and understanding ; and for the past six years ho has shared the secretaryship with Chinese and American colleagues of the National Christian Council of China. He first went out to China as a medical missionary in 1904, and was for some years on the staff of the West China Union University, Chengtu. He is shortly going to America to help with the foundation of a centre for social and religious study on the lines of the well-known Woodbrooke Settlement at Birmingham.
(for 8.45-10.30 Programmes see opposite page)

Appeal on behalf of the Cheyne Hospital for
Children, by Sir NIGEL PLAYFAIR
CHEYNE HOSPITAL for children was founded over fifty years ago to receive children who were discharged or excluded from the General
Hospitals because they suffered from incurable complaints, or because their cases required more and longer treatment than the larger hospitals were able to give. In some instances, the continuous nursing of patients at Cheyne Hospital extends to several years. Over eighty per cent. of the patients treated have been discharged in a cured or relieved condition.
Her Majesty the Queen is President of the Hospital and the Earl of Cromer is chairman of the committee.
Statistics show that
Cheyno Hospital and its Branch Hospital at St.
Nicholas-at-Wade, near . Margate, are economically rim; but the need for improvements has made extensive demands upon their 'resources.
Donations, etc., should be sent to [address removed].

2LO London

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This data is drawn from the Radio Times magazine between 1923 and 2009. It shows what was scheduled to be broadcast, meaning it was subject to change and may not be accurate. More