Songs by ELSIE MCCULLOUGH
'Cabbage,' a story of the Copper
Gnomes (Mabel Marlowe )
Piano Accordion solos by ROBERT WILSON HUME
A Visit to a Banana Plantation by THOMAS J. McTEAR
FRED C. HUGHES (tenor)
Stuart Redfern (violin) ; Harold Harper (violin); Frederick R. Amor (viola);
Carrodus Taylor (violoncello)
When Dvorak visited America he became extremely interested in Negro and Indian folk songs, so much so that the thematic material of his ' New World ' Symphony, Nigger " String Quartet in F and the String Quintet in E flat was intentionally derived from these sources. At the same time, however, Dvorak did not use any actual songs, rather did he exploit their idiom. In a letter to Dr. H. C. Colles, E. H. Krehbiel , a leading American critic who came into contact with Dvorak when the latter Was writing the " New World " Symphony, says : ' There is no instance outside that which you mention in which Negro themes are quoted in Dr. Dvorak's music. I fancy that a fragment of " Swing low, sweet Chariot was consciously, or unconsciously, quoted in the first movement of the " New World " symphony, but. there is no draft upon Afro-American folk-song in any other work. Two works quite as much in the spirit of that folk-song are the string quartet and quintet which followed the symphony, but their names are original. You will recognise the rhythmical idiom and the spirit '.
Nobody had much chance of patronising Beethoven—patronising, that is, in the sense of condescension. He was a proud, independent soul, fierily resentful of anything like patronage, yet In-had many true patrons among the nobility—Princes and Counts who continually helped him, and at whose houses he was frequently a guest.
One of the chief among these was
Prince Razumovsky, the Russian Ambassador at Vienna during many years. This nobleman formed a string quartet which he supported, and which became famous. To him Beethoven, then in his prime, dedicated three of his finest String Quartets, of which this is one.
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