From page 15 of 'When Two or Three
' Peoples of the World '-9
' Native Farmers of West Africa '
A. VICTOR MURRAY (Professor of Education, University of Hull)
Originally the chief exports from the Gold Coast were gold and slaves; then, when the slave trade was stopped, palm oil and palm nuts, kola nuts, guinea grain, and monkey skins. About fifty years ago rubber came into the picture, but the industry was killed by competition in the East. But a considerable industry has grown up m timber, especially mahogany.
The chief export of the Coasts today is cocoa, and it is a curious fact that if a native of Accra had not set sail for the island of Fernando Po off the Cameroons and brought back a few seed pods, no-one might have discovered that cocoa would grow and nourish.
The first export of 8olbs. was made in 1891, and it fetched £4 ; in 1926 the export value was over £9,000,000. The industry was entirely built up by the natives, with the help of the government, it is true, but without a penny ot European capital.
Professor Victor Murray is to tell you what it is like to live in a small village and in a bush town, and he will say something about the secret societies.
DORIS COPPARD (soprano)
Conducted by HARRY PELL
The Hippodrome Theatre, Birmingham
Round the Countryside-9
ERIC PARKER : Owls '
Owls have always held a fascination. They hunt by night and utter unearthly cries. You may see them sitting about in daylight, or watch their flight by ' owl light '-dusk. They look solemn and wise ; an owl was the emblem of Minerva, goddess of wisdom.
They have been associated with witches. The so-called ' screech owl', which was probably the barn owl that 'often screams horribly as it flies along', was superctitiously believed to haunt the windows of the dying. But you country boys and girls may live too near a wood to be scared by an owl.
Owls bolt their food, and, after the manner of hawks, cast up the bones, fur or feathers of their prey. Their plumage is so soft that their flight is silent. They have large eyes to collect every ray of light, and big concave ears to hear the smallest sound.
Mr. Eric Parker will describe the appearance and habits of the four native British owls : the barn, or white owl, the brown or tawny owl, the long-eared owl, and the short-eared owl. And he will tell you how the little owl was introduced into this country from Holland, and with what result.
' The Upper Half of the Scale '
ERNEST READ, F.R.A.M.
E. M. STÉPHAN and E. R. MONTEIL
The London Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Sir Edward Elgar : Pomp and Circumstance, March No : (Elgar)
The Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Dr. Malcolm Sargent Hungarian Rhapsody No. 3 (Liszt)
The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra with the Ural Cossacks Choir,, conducted by Alexander Kitschin : Overture, 1812 (Tchaikovsky)
THE MACGIBBON STRING QUARTET:
Margot Macgibbon (violin); Evelyn Ruegg (violin); Dorothy Jones (viola);
Peers Coetmore (violoncello)
ALFRED READ (baritone)
Directed by HENRY HALL
including Weather Forecast and Bulletin for Farmers
The Foundations of English Music
Under the direction of Sir RICHARD RUNCIMAN TERRY
The Triumphes of Oriana
Sung by THE WIRELESS SINGERS
Sir Richard Runciman
E. M. STÉPHAN and CAMILLE VIÈRE
' The Nation State '
C. R. M. F. CRUTTWELL
C. R. M. F.
THE B.B.C. ORCHESTRA
(Led by LAURANCE TURNER )
Conducted by LESLIE HEWARD
Presented by AUSTEN CROOM-JOHNSON with JOHN BURNABY
SONNY MILLER HUGO RIGNOLD
ERIC SIDAY and ELISABETH WELCH
including Weather Forecast and Forecast for Shipping
Sir JAMES JEANS , F.R.S. :
' The Milky Way-A Great City of - Stars'
Tonight Sir James Jeans is to show us the Milky Way. It consists of distant stars which combine to form a faint haze of light.
Next Tuesday Sir James will bring this present absorbing series to an end, and he will be featured in our next issue in ' People You Hear.'
Sitwell, read by J. K. P. WALLIS
All Nationals, except Droitzvich, close down at 11-15
J. K. P.