THE BIRMINGHAM STUDIO ORCHESTRA
Conducted by FRANK CANTELL
THE Overture to Iphigenia in Aulis begins with a mournful tune which is taken from one of Cluck's earlier operas, also on a classical subject. Then there is a still slower interlude, followed by a brisk Allegro in which there are three main tunes, the first two energetic and bold, the third a more smoothly flowing one. As Gluck left it, the Overture passes without a break into the opera, but various endings have been made for separate performance. The one most usually played was written by Wagner ; it concludes the Overture in the spirit in which the composer would rib doubt have done this ' had he meant it to be played
Suite from 'The Water Music' Handel, arr. Harty
THE origin of the legend of the ' Water Music,' which may or may not be true, is this : Handel, as Director of Music to the Elector of Hanover, had leave to visit England—for the second time—on condition that he returned ' in a reasonable time.' More than two years later, when the Elector became our King George I, Handel was still here; his Majesty regarded that as anything but a reasonable time, and Handel was in deep disgrace. It was to this Water Music that ho owed his return to favour.
. Specially written for the occasion, he had it played, under his own direction, on the river, in a boat which followed the royal barge as his Majesty sailed from Lime-house to Whitehall on August 22, 1715. The king was delighted with the music, and not only forgave his truant Director of Music, but awarded him a pension of f200 a year.
From the twenty-one movements in the original suite, Sir Hamilton Harty has selected six, adding clarinets, horns, and drums to the original score. The first movement is a vigorous Allegro for all except the trumpets. It is largely made up of a theme which consists in repetitions of a single note. Strings alone begin the second number, a dainty Air; a slightly quicker minor section comes in the middle, with woodwinds added, and when the opening returns,the strings are reinforced by horns. Number three, a Bourree, is a very short movement for strings alone. It leads directly into a merry Hornpipe, which opens with oboe, clarinets, and bassoon. They are answered by piccolo, flute, and strings, and a similar phrase of two sections follows. The next movement begins with a sad little tune for flute, answered by the violin ; here again there is no break before the following movement, a vigorous D Major, in which the whole orchestra is energetically employed. There is a scherzando section in the middle, in B Minor.
There are more than 5 million programme listings in Genome. This is a
historical record of the planned output and the BBC services of any
given time. It should be viewed in this context and with the
understanding that it reflects the attitudes and standards of its time
- not those of today.
Genome is a digitised version of the Radio Times from 1923 to 2009 and
is made available for internal research purposes only. You will need to
obtain the relevant third party permissions for any use, including use in
programmes, online etc.
This internal version of Genome, which includes all the magazine covers,
images and articles as well as the programme listings from the Radio
Times, is different to the version of BBC Genome that is available
externally/to the public. It is only available inside the BBC network.