Relayed from the Winter Gardens, Bournemouth
No. VIII of the Thirty-fourth Winter Series
THE BOURNEMOUTH MUNICIPAL AUGMENTED ORCHESTRA
Conducted by Sir DAN GODFREY
CYRIL TOWBIN (Violin)
THE third 'Leonore' Overture has long established itself as first favourite among the four, and there are grounds for believing that Beethoven himself would have agreed with this verdict. It begins with a solemn descending scale, and then we hear the beautiful air which in the opera, Florestan, the hero, sings of the happy springtime of his own youth. This tune is presented with some variants, and the whole of the introductory slow section is devoted to Florestan. Leonore appears with the beginning of the quick section, in a very beautiful tune eloquent of noble strength and dignity. A little later another impressive tune reminds us once more of Florestan and his unhappy lot in prison. After these have foreshadowed the action of the story, there is a dramatic moment when the whole orchestra falls silent and a trumpet call is heard from without. In the opera, the same trumpet call announces the arrival of the Governor, through whose coming Florestan. is released from his unjust imprisonment. A quiet tune on the woodwinds expresses the dawning of hope in the prisoner's heart, the trumpet call is heard again, and the theme of hope grows stronger. All the former tunes return, lending the music a note of exaltation, and the Overture ends with a great song of joy in which the first Leonoro tune rings out triumphantly.
THE first Movement of the Concerto begins with four drum beats, and then the oboe, clarinet, and bassoon play the principal theme. In the same way the second subject, when it appears, is heralded by four drum taps, this time on the dominant instead of on the tonic as at first.
After the orchestra has played both first and second subjects, the soloist has his first innings, playing both, not only in their simple form, but with elaborations.
The slow Movement is in the nature of a romance, in which the orchestra has for the most part the themes, two in number, while the soloist weaves embroideries about them. The Movement is short, and at the end there is a cadenza leading straight into the joyous Rondo.
Another Programme of Old Favourite Chrus
Songs by THE BIRMINGHAM STUDIO CHORUS
Assisted by the ORCHESTRA
Conducted by JOSEPH LEWIS