LEONIE ZIFADO (Soprano) \
ISABEL GRAY (Pianoforte)
HAYDN DRAPER (Clarinet)
The CHARLES WOODHOUSE STRING QUARTET : CHARLES WOODHOUSE (1st Violin), HERBERT KINSEY (2nd Violin), ERNEST YONGE (Viola),
CHARLES CRABBE (Violoncello)
' Kaiser ' (or ' Emperor ') Quartet (Op. 76, No. 3)
(1) Quick: (2) Air with variations; (3) Minuet; (4) Very quick
TTAYDN'S Emperor Quartet is so named because its Second Movement consists of a set of Variations upon the Emperor's Hymn, more familiarly known to us as the Austrian Hymn and as Deutschland über Alles. The melody originally belonged to Haydn's native country, Croatia. Haydn made a four-voiced arrangement of it to words that fitted in with the patriotic fervour roused by the wars of 1797, and this arrangement was sung to the Emperor Francis II on his birthday. It was this, and the present String Quartet arrangement, that sent this local popular tune round the musical world.
ONE of Mozart's friends was one Stadler, who was a fine musician.
Among other instruments, Stadler played the Clarinet, and it was for him that Mozart wrote two works with important parts for these instruments-a Concerto and this Ouintet.
The Clarinet was just coming into use in Mozart's days, and he was very fond of it.
In the Quintet, written near the end of his life, he gives it a part more prominent than those allotted to the four Stringed instruments (two Violins, Viola and 'Cello). Perhaps that was done in order to let the clarinettist shine a little a« a ' star ' performer.
The Quintet is in four Movements. which are respectively quick but suave, then slow and placid, next in dance style (the usual Minuet), and lastly debonair and dainty. This last Movement is an Air with five Variations.
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