A Programme of Welsh Music arranged by E. T. DAVIES
(Picture on page 409.)
THE AUGMENTED STATION ORCHESTRA, conducted by E. T. DAVIES and T. H. MORRISON
THIS work, first produced at the Cardiff Festival of 1904, is built in four sections, roughly corresponding to the four Movements, of a Symphony, though it has not quite the close development of themes that generally characterizes such a work.
The Main Tunes of the four sections (which do not require very detailed analysis) are those of Welsh songs.
I. Loudly proclaim o'er land and sea
This is the home of liberty.'
This strikes a martial, patriotic note. An urgent rhythm pulses through the Movement, (three-quarters note followed by quarter-note expresses its swing). This rhythm is the basis of one of the Tunes (the Second). An incidental Tune (on Clarinet and Horn) is in quiet contrast. It is in the style of a hymn-tune. This section runs straight into -
II. Here is the part of the work which corresponds to the lively Scherzo of a Symphony. Two tunes are treated-Hunting the Hare and The Bells of Aberdovey. The ingenious composer, always at his best in light, sparkling music, makes them play all kinds of games, combining, appearing in longer or shorter notes than at first, and so on. A touch of the Aberdovey tune in the Minor key changes the mood for-
III. A bit of Clarinet solo brings the plaintive tune, David of the White Rock, on Oboes and 'Cellos, muted Strings accompanying. This section ends extremely softly, and almost before we are aware of it we are at the last part.
IV. Fragments of The Men of Harlech are heard from here. there and everywhere in the Orchestra, and then the whole is given out, still softly. The excitement is clever y worked up, a subsidence for a-few moments leading to a still bigger climax, when the whole orchestra is soon glorying in the March. Then the pace quickens, and the end is reached m a magnificent outrush of triumphant joy.
MABEL PARRY (Soprano), with Orchestra
Welsh Modal Air, 'Y Gwydd' (The Weaver) arr.E.T.Davies
Welsh Folk Songs:
Ble 'rwyt ti yn myned (A Welsh version of 'Where arc you going, my pertty maid ? ') arr.E.T.Davies
Robin Goch (Red Robin).... arr. Hubert Davies
Welsh Folk Dance Tunes:
Y Gelynen (The Holly) ........ arr.
Croen y ddafed felen (The Yellow E. T. Davies
Yr Eos Lais (The Nightingale). . E.T. Davies
Quintet for Piano and String Quartet, founded on the Welsh tune, 'Hobed yr Hilon'......Kenneth Harding
KATHLEEN WASHBOURNE (Violin)
The Lark Ascending ...... Vaughan Williams mHIS 'Romance' for Solo Violin and Orchestra was inspired by George Meredith's poem beginning :-
He rises and begins to round,
He drops the silver chain of sound
Of many links without a break,
In chirrup, whistle, slur and shake.
The whole piece is extremely delicate. It is allied to the poem in spirit more than in structure.
The only formal point worth noting is that the music begins with a Cadenza (a free rhapsodical passage), whereas, these informal flights usually occur towards the end of a work. The orchestration is very light, the strings having the mutes on throughout.
TOM PICKERING (Tenor)
Songs with Harp and String Accompaniment :
Seven Songs on Welsh Poems in the Cywydd metre by Dafydd ap Gwilym and others
Y Nos (Night); Y Gwlith (The Dew); Miwsig
(Music) ; Elen (Ellen) ; Dau Filgi (Two Grey-hounds); Claddu'r Bardd o Ganad The
Poet's Burial); Hiraeth am yr Haf (The Longing for Summer)
Suite in D Minor...... D.C.Williams
Rustic Dance: Romance ; Dance of the Witches
Welsh Rhapsody - German