Continuing the series of monthly documentaries surveying the range and diversity of 20th-century music. Ever since Sir Frances Drake heard the "strange, yet delightful" sound of the gamelan on the island of Java in 1580, eastern music has fascinated western musicians. In the past 100 years, composers from Debussy to Xenakis have been captivated and influenced by the rhythms, instruments, culture and religions of the Orient. George Benjamin , Robin Holloway , Donald Mitchell , Edward Said , Steve Reich , Neil Sorrell ,
Gyorgy Ligeti and others trace the eastern influence up to the present day. Narrated by Samuel West. Producer Michael Emery
1: Java and Bali. Claude Debussy heard the gamelan in 1889, at the reconstructed Balinese village on show at the Universal Exhibition in Paris. He was only one of many composers who were inspired by the sound to translate the oriental atmosphere of Java and Bali into their own music. Britten drew similar inspiration from his visit to Bali.
Debussy Et la Lune Descend sur la Temple qui Fut (Images)
Gordon Fergus-Thompson (piano)
Ravel Laideronette (Mother Goose) Montreal Symphony Orchestra, conductor Charles Dutoit
Poulenc Concerto for Two Pianos
(1st mvt) Jean-Bernard Pommier and Anne Queffelec , City of London
Sinfonia, conductor Richard Hickox Britten The Prince of the Pagodas (Act 2, scene 2) Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, conducted by the Composer Producer Tony Sellors
In anticipation of this weekend's celebration of English roots music English Originals, at London's
Barbican Centre, Fiona Talkington goes back to the folk traditions of many British generations. She also introduces music from the other side of the world, including some of the first ever recordings of gamelan.
Fiona Talkington introduces archive recordings of English and Irish dance tunes, and new compositions for the gamelan.
At the beginning of the new millennium Radio 3 celebrates the richness and diversity of the living traditions of music across the world. Andrew McGregor and Simon Broughton start the day in the Pacific region, talking to musicians and listening to them performing. The programme follows daybreak around the globe through the traditions of Asia, India, the Middle East, Africa, Europe and Scandinavia, concluding in the Americas. To end the day, Verity Sharp joins the programme with an assortment of musicians working in the UK.
12.30 New Zealand and the Pacific
Christine Argyle introduces ancient traditional musics of the region, including Maori songs performed byTe Waka Huia and Pacific Island drumming by Orama from the Cook Islands.
1.00 Ball Andy Channing describes the virtuosic gamelan percussion music of Bali and introduces his own field recordings showing the enormous variety of this flourishing tradition.
1.30 Hong Kong David Tsang introduces highlights of a recent concert given by the Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra.
2.00 Thailand Bussakorn Sumrongthong introduces a concert of classical Thai music recorded at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London in December.
2.30 India Jameela Siddiqi introduces highlights from All-India Radio's Indian music festival-the annual
Akashvani Sangeet Sammelan.
3.00 Middle East Palestinian oud player Adel Salameh performs and introduces a range of recordings showing the variety of Middle Eastern musics using the Arabic lute.
And crossover singer Natacha Atlas introduces recordings of herfavourite Middle Eastern singers and desribes their influences on her own music.
3.30 Africa From Dakar in Senegal,
Lucy Duran explores the wide variety of music in West Africa. And Eugene Skeef introduces highlights from South Africa's Festival of Living Treasures 2000.
4.30 The Balkans From Croatian Radio in Zagreb, members of traditional folk group Lado introduce a performance of tamburica music. Plus from Hungary a traditional New Year's song specially recorded by one of Hungary's best-known singers, Marta Sebestyen. And Simon Broughton introduces his own field recordings from the region.
5.00 Scandinavia Joern Erik Jensen introduces a performance from Oslo by Norway's leading exponent of the Hardanger fiddle, Annbjorg Lien. Plus other Nordic music.
5.30 New York WNYC presenter John Shaefer describes the millennium musical festivities in the city and introduces a range of cross-cultural music from the American continent.
Late-evening listening introduced by Verity Sharp. Jeff Buckley sings Corpus Christi Carol by Benjamin Britten and West
Balinese gamelan Jegog Werdi Sentana perform Tebuh Gegenderan.
Sarah Walker presents highlights from last weekend's Contemporary Music weekend at the Bath Festival, including Joanna McGregor playing Cage sonatas for prepared piano interspersed with newly composed episodes for gamelan by nine composers, and music by Dutch band De Volharding. Plus a report on other events, including The Shouting Fence, an outdoor music theatre piece by Orlando Gough and Richard Chew. Producer Philip Tagney
Fiona Talkington introduces music from PekkaPohjolaandSigismondod'India. Iver Kleive plays Reger, and after a touch of American yodelling there's H Christian Detlefsen's Night and Day for chromatic gamelan and string quartet.
Mark Russell presents vocal treats from
Ethiopia and Finland, gamelan music from the Far East and Walking Song- a sound collage by American composer Charles Amirkhanian.
Today Michael Berkeley 's guest is writer and journalist Andro Linklater , whose books range from a history of the Royal Highland Regiment to a biography of Compton Mackenzie , and Wild People, an account of his experience among the headhunters of Sarawak. His musical choices are equally eclectic, ranging from songs by Josephine Baker , Robert Burns and Marianne Faithfull to an opera by John Adams and Javanese gamelan music. Repeated tomorrow 3pm
Verity Sharp is at the crossroads of musics and moods from around the world. Tonight's programme includes urban gamelan, 23 Skidoo. Matthew Hindson 's Speedand Martin Butler 's Capistrano Song.
Verity Sharp introduces gamelan music from the Gender Wayang of Bali, a qawwali session led by Sufi legend Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, tracks from singer/songwriters Anja Garbarek and Jane Siberry and a fiddle stomp by Wallace "Cheese" Read.
Verity Sharp introduces an excerpt from
Brian Eno 's latest project, Bell Studies for the Clock of the Long Now- inspired by English campanology-the Penguin Cafe Orchestra's Cutting Branches fora Temporary Shelter, and music for gamelan by Lou Harrison.
Verity Sharp introduces sounds from
Harem Scarem , with Japanese music for marimba by Keiko Abe and Gamelan treatments by Squarepusher.
Petroc Trelawny presents highlights from this year's Spitalfields Festival, including the first performance of a BBC/Royal Philharmonic Society commission,
Richard Rodney Bennett's Songs before Sleep, performed by Radio 3 New Generation Artist Jonathan Lemalu
(baritone) accompanied at the piano by Michael Hampton. Plus western evocations of gamelan music from the Continuum Ensemble; Jonathan Dove 's Out of Time played by the Vanbrugh
Quartet; and Ton Koopman with Bach's Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV546.
4: Olivier's Travels. Messiaen's music brims with the influences of exotic sound worlds. In today's programme, pianist
Peter Hill and musicologist Nigel Simeone join Donald Macleod to explore how such things as Balinese gamelan and developments in electronic instrumentation affected Messiaen's work from early in his career.
Vingt Regards sur I'EnfantJ6sus (excerpt) Steven Osborne (piano)
Fetes des Belles Eaux (excerpt) Les Ondes Musicales Martenot
He de Feu No 2 (Etudes de Rythme) performed on the piano by the Composer Sept Haikai (excerpts) Cleveland Orchestra, conductor Pierre Boulez
L 'Oiseau-Lyre et la Ville-Fiancée (Eclairs sur I'Au-Dela)
Bastille Opera Orchestra, conductor Myung-Whun Chung
Bryce Canyon et les Rocheurs Rouge-Orange (Des Canyons aux Etoiles)
French Radio PO, conductor Myung-Whun Chung Repeated on Wednesday at 12 midnight
Verity Sharp introduces tracks from Brazilian singer/songwriter Cibelle's new solo album and remembers her contributions to the Sao Paulo Confessions album by Serbian producer Suba. Plus the Balinese Kecak dance, funky gamelan from Javanese group Samba Sunda, and excerpts from Frank Martin 's Mass for double choir.
Verity Sharp 's selections include music from mixed Mediterranean traditions by Valencian group L'Ham de Foe, the Armenian cherry-wood duduk of Djivan Gasparian , and the oldest gamelan orchestra of Bali, from the Temple of Batur.
Gamelan music from central Java, Moroccan melhoun music from Mohamed Amenzou , and emotive electronics from Christian Fennesz. Presented by Verity Sharp.
Music for gamelan, whistling dolphins, and so much rhythm that we're completely syncopated. Musical discovery for younger listeners, with Angellica Bell and Adrian Dickson.